1827 The Baltimore and Ohio Railroad was chartered by the state of Maryland. It was one of the oldest railroads in the United States and the first common carrier railroad. Two men, Philip E. Thomas and George Brown, created the railroad. Thomas would become the president of the company, and Brown (pictured below) the treasurer.
Monthly Archive for February, 2011
1932 English physicist James Chadwick, at the University of Manchester, performed a series of experiments that verified the existence of the neutron. For this discovery, he was awarded the Hughes Medal of the Royal Society in 1932 and the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1935. 1902 John Steinbeck, one of the great American authors, was [...]
1933 The USS Ranger (CV-4) was officially launched. It was the first US Navy ship to be built solely as an aircraft carrier. 1841 French artist Pierre-Auguste Renoir was born in Limoges, Haute-Vienne, France. He was a leading painter in the development of the Impressionist style, notable for his vibrant light and saturated color, most [...]
1924 American aircraft and helicopter pioneer Henry Berliner flew his prototype helicopter to a height of 15 feet, the best achievement at the time for a helicopter. 1871 Charles Darwin’s The Descent of Man, and Selection in Relation to Sex, a book on evolutionary theory, was first published. In it, he wrote, “The sole object [...]
1945 A group of United States Marines and a U.S. Navy Corpsman reached the top of Mount Suribachi during the Battle of Iwo Jima and were photographed raising the American flag. 1941 Plutonium was first chemically identified by Swedish-American scientist Glenn T. Seaborg at the University of California, Berkeley. 1909 The AEA Silver Dart was [...]