1962 The Telstar 1 communications satellite was launched aboard a Delta rocket from Cape Canaveral. It successfully relayed through space the first television pictures, telephone calls, fax images and provided the first live transatlantic television feed. The Telstar program was part of a multi-national agreement between AT&T, Bell Telephone Laboratories, NASA, the British General Post Office, and the French National PTT (Post, Telegraph & Telecom Office) to develop experimental satellite communications over the Atlantic Ocean.
1938 American industrialist Howard Hughes completed a flight around the world in just 91 hours (3 days, 19 hours), beating the previous record by more than four days.
1910 American Walter Richard Brookins became the first person to fly at an altitude of 1 mile, going up to 1,882 m (6,175 ft) in his Wright biplane. Brookins was the first pilot trained by the Wright brothers for their exhibition team.
1902 German chemist Kurt Alder was born in Königshütte, Silesia (modern day Chorzów, Upper Silesia, Poland). During his career, he published more than 151 papers dealing with the synthesis of organic compounds. He received several honorary degrees and other awards, most famously the 1950 Nobel Prize in Chemistry which he shared with his teacher Diels for their work on what is now known as the Diels-Alder reaction. The lunar crater Alder is named in his honour. The insecticide aldrin, created through a Diels-Alder reaction, is also named after him.
1856 Serbian-American engineer and inventor Nikola Tesla was born in the village of Smiljan, then part of the Austrian Empire. He discovered and patented the rotating magnetic field, the basis of most alternating-current machinery. He also developed the three-phase system of electric power transmission, and invented the Tesla coil, an induction coil widely used in radio technology.