1971 NASA launched Apollo 14, the third of the Apollo missions to land on the moon. The mission lasted nine days, with Commander Alan Shepard, Command Module Pilot Stuart Roosa, and Lunar Module Pilot Edgar Mitchell onboard. 1966 Russia launched Luna 9, an unmanned space mission, as part of its Luna space program. The Luna [...]
Monthly Archive for January, 2012
1925 American inventor Douglas Engelbart was born in Portland, Oregon. He is of German, Norwegian, and Swedish descent. He is best known for inventing the computer mouse, and was part of a team that developed hypertext, networked computers, and early graphical user interfaces. 1868 Variation of Animals and Plants under Domestication, a book by Charles [...]
1856 The Victoria Cross was introduced by Queen Victoria to honour acts of valour during the Crimean War. It is the highest military decoration awarded for valour “in the face of the enemy” to members of the armed forces of various British Commonwealth countries. Since then, the medal has been awarded 1,356 times to 1,353 [...]
1938 German race car driver Rudolf Caracciola set a land speed record, for a public road, in a Mercedes-Benz W125 Rekordwagen. He achieved a speed of 432.7 kilometres per hour (268.9 mph) for the flying kilometre and 432.4 kilometres per hour (268.7 mph) for the flying mile. 1813 Pride and Prejudice, a novel by Jane [...]
1948 The IBM Selective Sequence Electronic Calculator (SSEC), an electromechanical computer built by IBM, was first demonstrated to the public. It was the first operating computer to combine electronic computation with stored instructions and was the first computer to run a stored program.