1840 Irish engineer John Philip Holland was born in Liscannor, County Clare, Ireland. After emigrating to the USA in 1873, he developed the first submarine to be formally commissioned by the U.S. Navy, and the first Royal Navy submarine, the Holland 1.
Monthly Archive for February, 2012
1908 Pasiphaë, a retrograde irregular satellite of Jupiter, was discovered on photographic plates by British astronomer Philibert Jacques Melotte at the Royal Greenwich Observatory. Inspection of previous plates found it as far back as January 27. At the time, it was simply designated “Jupiter VIII” and was not given its present name until 1975. 1827 [...]
1932 English physicist James Chadwick, at the University of Manchester, performed a series of experiments that verified the existence of the neutron. For this discovery, he was awarded the Hughes Medal of the Royal Society in 1932 and the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1935. 1902 John Steinbeck, one of the great American authors, was [...]
1966 NASA launched the AS-201 for the first time. It was the first unmanned test flight of an entire production Block I Apollo Command/Service Module and the Saturn IB launch vehicle. The suborbital flight was a partially successful demonstration of the service propulsion system and the reaction control systems of both modules, and successfully demonstrated [...]
1933 The USS Ranger (CV-4) was officially launched. It was the first US Navy ship to be built solely as an aircraft carrier. 1841 French artist Pierre-Auguste Renoir was born in Limoges, Haute-Vienne, France. He was a leading painter in the development of the Impressionist style, notable for his vibrant light and saturated color, most [...]