1971 During the Apollo 15 space mission, American astronauts David Scott and James Irwin landed on the moon with the first Lunar Rover.
1938 Carme, a retrograde irregular satellite of Jupiter, was discovered by American astronomer Seth Barnes Nicholson at Mount Wilson Observatory, near Los Angeles, California.
1863 American industrialist Henry Ford was born in Dearborn, Michigan. He is best known as the founder of the Ford Motor Company and inventor of modern assembly lines used in mass production. His introduction of the Model T automobile revolutionized transportation and American industry. He was a prolific inventor and was awarded 161 U.S. patents. As owner of the Ford Motor Company, he became one of the richest and best-known people in the world.
1859 Grand Combin, one of the highest peaks in the Alps at 4,314 metres, was completely ascended for the first time by Charles Sainte-Claire Deville (pictured below), Gaspard Balleys, and Basile Dorsaz.
1825 British Captain George Anson Byron, while commanding the British warship HMS Blonde, discovered Malden Island, a low and arid island in the central Pacific Ocean, about 39 square km in area.
1818 English novelist and poet Emily Brontë was born in Thornton, near Bradford in Yorkshire. She is now best remembered for her only novel, Wuthering Heights, a classic of English literature.
1793 The Teatro Nacional de São Carlos, an opera house in Lisbon, Portugal, was officially opened by Queen Maria I. The first opera presented there, in 1793, was La Ballerina Amante, by Domenico Cimarosa. The main room has five tiers of boxes and seats 1148 people.
1729 The Town of Baltimore was founded, named after Lord Baltimore (Cecilius Calvert), who was the first Proprietary Governor of the Province of Maryland.
1619 In Jamestown, Virginia, the House of Burgesses convened for the first time. It was the first representative assembly in the Americas.